The schwa /ə/ is the biggest key to English pronunciation a learner can possess.
1. What is a schwa /ə/?
I’d like tə go shopping fər ə pair əf shoes, bət thə shops ə closed becəse thəs ə weathər əlert. əparrəntly lots əf snow is coming in frəm thə Highlənds so thə govərnmənt həv ədvised peopəl tə stay ət home.
2. How is a Schwa produced?
Schwa is a neutral vowel – in order to produce it your tongue should be flat and resting, your lips should be relaxed (not spread or rounded) and your jaw should be relaxed.
3. Where does Schwa appear?
The main problem is that you cannot see it on the written page – it can be spelt with ‘a’ (about), ‘e’ (father), ‘i’ (lentil), ‘o’ (polite) or ‘u’ (column), so unless students are trained to spot it, errors will occur. The key to recognising schwa is stress; schwa is only weak.
Schwa also appears in small words like ‘to’, ‘from’, & ‘are’ in connected speech, which are known as ‘function’ words in pronunciation.
4. How can I include the sound in my speech?
Like all language acquisition, you can learn the schwa in a simple 3 step process:
1. STUDY – Learn how to say it using the correct, neutral mouth position.
2. PRACTISE – Recognise where it is in words and sentences (the script on this page is a good example) and repeat them.
3. PERFORM – Apply it to your own words and sentences.
Repeating this process will gradually incorporate the sound into your speech naturally.